What’s Next for the Yen and Japanese Stocks?

When it comes to quantitative easing, Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke is playing AA minor league ball at best.  If he ever wants to make the big leagues, he needs to take batting practice with Japan’s new central bank governor, Haruhiko Kuroda.

In addition to the “usual” quantitative easing actions of buying government bonds, the Bank of Japan will be buying 30 billion yen of Japanese real estate investment trusts and a trillion yen of exchange traded funds…annually!

By Forbes estimates, the new expansion in Japan’s monetary base amounts to 10% of Japan’s GDP.  By comparison, Bernanke’s QE Infinity is less than 7% of U.S. GDP.

Not surprisingly, Japanese stocks surged on the news.  We talk about the Fed “propping up” the stock market here (and conspiracy theorists have long accused the “Plunge Protection Team” of manipulating the markets), but  we’ve never had the Fed directly jumping into the stock market like this.

What does this mean for Japanese stocks going forward?  Or the yen?

Figure 1: USDJPY
Figure 1: USDJPY

The standard “don’t fight the Fed” advice applies here, at least in the short term.  The Bank of Japan is determined to push the value of the yen down to boost exports and to shake the economy out of its long deflationary funk.  It’s much easier for a central bank to destroy the value of its currency when it is expensive than to prop up its value when it is falling.

So, don’t try to be a hero here by betting against the Bank of Japan.  Remember, George Soros made his legendary “bankrupt the Bank of England” trade by shorting the pound when the BoE was trying to prop it up.  Not even Soros the Great and Powerful could have succeeded in a long bet against a central bank this determined to weaken its currency.

Let’s take a look at how the yen has performed of late (Figure 1). You have to view this graph in reverse; a rising line means a falling yen relative to the dollar. (Think of it like this; back in November, a dollar would have bought you 80 yen; that same dollar today will buy you 96 yen.)

The yen has been in virtual free fall since it became obvious that Prime Minister Shinzo Abe would win last year’s election, though the yen rose sharply for most of March due in large part to the turmoil coming out of Europe.

Perversely, given Japan’s debt load, the yen became a “haven” currency following the unwinding of the carry trade in 2008 (which should put the nail in the coffin of any ideas you might have had about markets being rational).  So, if Europe has another destabilizing wave of volatility, then the yen might enjoy a brief respite.  But overall, the yen’s downward trend will likely continue for a while.

Figure 2: iShares MSCI Japan ETF (NYSE:EWJ)
Figure 2: iShares MSCI Japan ETF (NYSE:EWJ)

What about Japanese equities?

Japanese stocks, measured by the iShares MSCI Japan ETF (NYSE:$EWJ), have been on a tear since mid-November (Figure 2), coinciding with the yen’s decline.  And over the next, say, three to six months, I expect this trend to continue.

But be careful here; Japanese stocks should be viewed as a short-term trade, and most definitely not a long-term investment.  In the not-too-distant future, I expect Japan to bust apart at the seams.  If the Bank of Japan is successful in reigniting inflation, Japanese bond yields will rise.  And when Japan’s financing costs rise, that gargantuan pile of debt (currently 220% of GDP) becomes a lot harder to service.

As I wrote in February, “debt service now accounts for 43% of Japanese government revenues and quarter of all spending.  Furthermore, more than half of all Japanese government spending is financed by new borrowing.   This means that half of every yen borrowed is used to service existing debts.  It’s a debtor’s nightmare that gets worse every year with budget deficits that are consistently higher than 7% of GDP.”

The bond vigilantes will eventually wake up and take note of these sobering statistics, and when they do things are likely to deteriorate very quickly.  Think banana republic levels of hyperinflation followed by outright default.

Amazingly, Japanese yields continue to fall for now.  The 10-year Japanese bond now yields an almost unbelievable 0.45%.  At these levels, shorting Japanese bonds becomes an almost risk-free proposition.

When yields finally begin to rise, get ready for the short opportunity of a lifetime in virtually all Japanese assets.  In the meantime, keep an eye on the 10-year yield.  When it rises above the 1.0-1.5% level, I expect doomsday to follow shortly thereafter.

Disclaimer: Charles Sizemore currently has no positions in any security mentioned.


6 Responses
  1. Did you see the action in the Japanese Bonds last night? The BOJ announces massive bond buying and bond go DOWN? We hit 2 circuit breakers halting trading twice last night. Option values have picked up a little but not gotten expensive. I need some sleep.